Lafayette, Louisiana - Facts & Figures
The American city was founded as Vermilionville in 1821 by Jean Mouton, a French-speaking man of Acadian descent. In 1884, it was renamed for General Lafayette, who fought with and significantly aided the American Army during the American Revolutionary War. The city's economy was primarily based on agriculture until the 1940s, when the petroleum and natural gas industries became dominant.
Lafayette is considered the center of Acadiana, the area of Cajun and Creole culture in Louisiana and the United States. It developed following the relocation of Acadians after their expulsion by the British from eastern Canada in the late 18th century following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War. There is also a strong Louisiana Creole influence in the area.
- Population: 127,626
- Industries: Education, Energy, Health care
- Area Codes: 337
- ZIP Codes: 70501-9, 70593, 70596, 70598
- Surrounding Cities: Abbeville, LA , New Iberia, LA , Opelousas, LA , Eunice, LA , Jennings, LA