Mesa, Arizona - Facts & Figures
The history of Mesa dates back at least 2,000 years to the arrival of the Hohokam people. The Hohokam, whose name means "All Used Up" or "The Departed Ones", built the original canal system. The canals were the largest and most sophisticated in the prehistoric New World. Some were up to 90 feet wide and 10 feet deep at their head gates, extending for as far as 16 miles across the desert. By A.D. 1100 water could be delivered to an area over 110,000 acres, transforming the Sonoran Desert into an agricultural oasis. By A.D. 1450, the Hohokam had constructed hundreds of miles of canals, many of which are still in use today.
- Population: 484,587
- Industries: Health care, Education, Aerospace/Aviation/Defense, Tourism/Technology
- Area Codes: 480, 602
- ZIP Codes: 85200-85299
- Surrounding Cities: Tempe, AZ , Chandler, AZ , Gilbert, AZ , Glendale, AZ , Phoenix, AZ , Scottsdale, AZ