New Orleans, Louisiana - Facts & Figures
New Orleans, referred to as the "most unique" city in America, is known for its distinct French Creole architecture and cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. The city is named after Orléans, a city located on the Loire River in Centre, France. New Orleans is the birthplace of jazz, and is famous for its music, cuisine, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras.
In 2005, category 5 Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans and the city was catastrophically affected when the Federal levee system failed, resulting in the worst civil engineering disaster in American history. By the time the hurricane made landfall, most residents had evacuated the city when the city called its the first mandatory evacuation in its history. Floodwalls and levees constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers failed below design specifications and 80% of the city flooded. Tens of thousands of residents who had remained in the city were rescued or found in shelters at the Louisiana Superdome and the New Orleans Morial Convention Center. More than 1,500 people were recorded as having died in Louisiana, and others are still unaccounted for.
- Population: 343,829
- Industries: tourism, trade, shipping, oil refining, petrochemical production, healthcare
- Area Codes: 504
- ZIP Codes: 70112, 70113, 70114, 70115, 70116, 70117, 70118, 70119, 70122, 70124, 70125, 70126, 70127, 70128, 70129, 70130, 70131, 70139, 70163
- Surrounding Cities: Buras, Delacroix, Lake Catherine, Metairie, Pointe a la Hache, Port Sulphur, St. Bernard, Yscloskey